Case Studies

12. Seacrystal Shipping Limited v Bulk Transport Group Shipping Co. Ltd (The “Kyzikos”) [1987] 1 Lloyd’s Rep 48; [1987] 2 Lloyd’s Rep 122; [1989] 1 Lloyd’s Rep 1

Vessel arrived in port – unable to reach berth due to fog – WIBON clause held to apply only to inaccessibility due to congestion.

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13. Nereide S.P.A. Di Navigazione v Bulk Oil International Ltd (The “Laura Prima”) [1980] 1 Lloyd’s Rep 466; [1981] 2 Lloyd’s Rep 24; [1982] 1 Lloyd’s Rep 1

Reachable on arrival clause – modified Exxonvoy 1969 form – clause held operative to allow shipowners demurrage for delay caused by congestion.

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3. Hudson’s Bay Company v Domingo Mumbru Sociedad Anonima [1921] 9 Ll.L Rep 196; [1922] 10 Ll.L Rep 476

“Ready to Load” equated with “arrived ship” – vessel lying in the roads, not an arrived ship

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6. United States Shipping Board v Frank C Strick & Co Limited (The “Hinckley”) [1924] 19 Ll.l Rep 412; [1925] 21 Ll.l Rep 173; [1926] 25 Ll.l Rep 73

7. Agrimpex Hungarian Trading Company for Agricultural Products v Sociedad Financiera De Bienes Raices, S.A. (The “Aello”) [1957] 2 Lloyd’s Rep 423; [1958] 2 Lloyd’s Rep 65; [1961] Lloyd’s Rep 623

2. Federal Commerce and Navigation Co Ltd v Tradax Export S.A. (The “Maratha Envoy”) [1975] 2 Lloyd’s Rep 223; [1977] 1 Lloyd’s Rep 217; [1977] 2 Lloyd’s Rep 301