Cargo discharged in spite of invalid Notice of Readiness – laytime commencing.
Voyage Charterparty – vessel commencing discharge before NOR tendered – 24 hour notice period for purposes of calculating dispatch money remaining operative.
Fault or privity – owners failing to properly equip vessel – unable to discharge onus
Voyage Charterparty – Notice of Readiness – charterers’ request for early loading tantamount consent to commencement of laytime.
Sudden leak due to rust resulting in damage to cargo – hirers able to show absence of fault or privity
“Reachable on arrival clause” placing risk of congestion on charterers
Provision that vessel be entered at Custom House prior to commence of laytime – charterers bound by their agent’s acceptance of a premature NOR.
Port Charterparty – WIBON clause – “commercial area” test
WIBON CLAUSE – further clause providing time not to count due to factors beyond charterers’ control – latter clause operative
WIBON clause effective trigger for commencement of laytime